What is thrombosis?
Thrombosis definition: The formation of a blood clot (thrombus) within a blood vessel is known as thrombosis. formation of thrombus prevents the normal flow of blood through the blood vessel.
When the blood flow through the arteries gets slowed down clot forms. The clot may also form due to the narrowing of the artery. Damage inside the artery or when blood cells stick together – clot forms. Depending on the position of this clot or thrombus severe complications may result.
Normal blood clot formation to stop bleeding is an important process, but when a blood clot is formed at the wrong place and at the wrong time, it may cause major health issues – such as venous thromboembolism, pulmonary embolism, and atherothrombosis, which can cause stroke and heart attack.
Thrombosis in the leg: It is a blood clot formation in a major vein in the leg. it blocks the normal flow of blood through the vein (Deep Vein Thrombosis -DVT). A blood clot forms inside a deep vein which is located deep inside the body. It is most common in the lower extremity – legs or pelvis. It can also happen in the upper extremity in the shoulder or arm. Small clots may not cause any problems as they most often dissolve on their own. However, big clots may break off and travel away from their place of origin. They sometimes go to the lungs and heart and can cause pulmonary embolism and atherothrombosis and cause heart attacks.
What is Thrombosis vs Embolism
Pulmonary Embolism: When a blood clot breaks off and travels to the lungs, it blocks blood flow to the lungs and damages the lungs (pulmonary embolism or pulmonary thrombosis).
Symptoms of pulmonary embolism: If you experience chest pain, sudden shortness of breath, rapid or irregular heartbeat, coughing up blood, you must seek immediate medical attention.
Symptoms of Deep Vein thrombosis: The symptoms include pain, discoloration, and swelling of the leg.
What are the risk factors for arterial thrombosis?
The risk factors for arterial thrombosis may include a poor diet, sedentary lifestyle or lack of activity, old age, excessive rest after surgery or frequent long-distance traveling, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, lack of movement, family history of arterial thrombosis, smoking and other heart issues.