Heart Valve Replacement Surgery in Hyderabad

If you are looking for heart valve replacement surgery in Hyderabad by minimally invasive techniques, then the following information is for you.

 Aortic Valve Stenosis and TAVR

Aortic valve stenosis results in narrowing of the aortic valve in some people causing the heart valve to open poorly. To correct the failure of the aortic valve, Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is performed by interventional cardiologists.

Open heart valve replacement surgical procedure requires the separation of chest bones surgically (the chest is open for the procedure – sternotomy). TAVR or TAVI is a minimally invasive procedure. It is performed through a very small opening in the groin or the chest region – which leaves all chest bones intact. Furthermore, the TAVR procedure is similar to coronary angiogram in terms of recovery.

What is stenosis or aortic valve stenosis?

Aortic stenosis or aortic valve stenosis is a condition of the heart valve in which the heart’s aortic valve calcifies and thickens. Due to this condition, the valve doesn’t open fully limiting the blood flow from the heart to the rest of the body.

What are the symptoms and complications of aortic valve stenosis?

The symptoms of aortic valve stenosis include chest pain, shortness of breath, weakness or fatigue, fainting, and swelling in the legs. Complications associated with untreated aortic valve stenosis include heart failure and sudden cardiac death.

TAVR procedure is suitable for which type of patients?

TAVR procedure is suitable for all risk categories of people. Especially those who have symptomatic severe aortic stenosis.

Who qualifies for the TAVR procedure?

This technique and procedure are particularly effective in people who have limited options of valve repair owing to their health status (kidney disease and lung infections). Such patients are at intermediate or high risk of complications from open-heart surgery (surgical aortic valve replacement).

In such patients, the outcomes are quite promising with improved quality of life.

TAVR Procedure Risks – Are there any risks?

This is a highly recommended procedure for individuals who have not been considered good candidates for aortic valve replacement surgery. Though TAVR is a beneficial treatment option for such individuals, it doesn’t come without risks. The risks are very rare and may include bleeding, infections, blood vessel complications, valve leaking or slipping out of place.

What are the benefits of TAVR?

The risk is minimal when compared to open-heart surgery. In terms of recovery and outcomes, this procedure is quite similar to a coronary angiogram. Patients who undergo this procedure have the least risk of infection, postoperative complications and they are less likely to spend more time in the hospital (hospital stay is short).

TAVR procedure success rate

First of all, TAVR provided an effective treatment approach for people who cannot undergo open-heart surgery. When not a single approach existed for replacing narrowed valves, TAVR first offered the solution.

TAVR Procedure Steps

TAVR procedure is done using any one of the two common approaches. This allows an interventional cardiologist to choose which is the best and safest to access the valve.

  1. Transfemoral approach: The cardiologist to access the wall guides and enters a catheter (a thin, flexible tube) through the large artery (femoral artery) in the groin area. This approach does not require any incision in the chest.
  2. Transapical approach: This is a minimally invasive surgical approach. In this procedure, the cardiologist makes a small incision in the chest to enter a catheter through the large artery in the chest. It is known as a transapical approach.

How safe is TAVR?

TAVR is effective and safe even in high-risk patients. The outcomes of TAVR are favourable when compared to surgical procedures (surgical aortic valve replacement).

Bottom Line

Your interventional cardiologist makes a decision to treat your aortic valve stenosis condition by transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). This procedure can effectively relieve the signs and symptoms of aortic valve stenosis and thus reduces the risk of heart failure, complications and sudden cardiac death.

TAVR or TAVI is a boon for patients whose aortic valves have failed. Patients who have lost hope due to inoperable aortic stenosis are suitable for this procedure. TAVI doesn’t require open-heart surgery.

TAVR is the best option if you are looking for minimally invasive heart valve replacement surgery in Hyderabad.